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Cause‐oriented testing and treatment


Leishmaniasis is an infectious disease. It occurs in dogs in different variations with mild and severe courses of disease.

It is triggered by parasites transmitted by sandflies or butterflies. Due to climate change, the mosquitoes that transmit the microorganisms (leishmania) are not only found in exotic regions, but also increasingly in Germany.

Once a dog becomes infected with Leishmaniosis, the disease stays with it throughout its life. One of the most dangerous forms is visceral Leishmaniosis, where parasites infect the internal organs such as the spleen, liver, but also bone marrow. In this form, vets not only try to eliminate the pathogens, but also to strengthen the dog’s immune system and its own cellular defences. Dogs suffering from visceral Leishmaniosis are usually severely emaciated and for dogs without treatment it is fatal within 1-2 years.